San Bernardino is a city that is situated in the Riverside-San Bernardino metropolitan are. It is the county seat of San Bernardino County, California USA.
The 2010 census estimated that the city’s population was close to 209,924. The city is the 100th largest city in the United States and 17th biggest city in the state of California.
The City occupies most of the San Bernardino Valley. The indigenous tribespeople initially referred the area to as ‘The Valley of the Cupped Hand of God.’
The earliest known inhabitants of San Bernardino were the Serrano Indians which is Spanish for ‘people of the mountains.’ They mostly spent their winters in the valley since 1000 B.C.
Their shelters were small brush covered structures. The Spanish visited the area when approximately 1500 Serranos were in the area. They had villages whereby they lived in 10-30 structures that the Spanish named Rancherias.
The city of San Bernardino one of the oldest communities in the state of California, in its present-day location, was not primarily settled until 1851 after California became a state.
In 1860 a gold rush began in the mountains nearby with the discovery of gold by William F. Holcomb in Holcomb Valley early 1860. This led to the area opening up further.
The city subsequently opened up with the opening of a military base and many more areas.
San Bernardino features a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa in the Koeppen climate classification) with mild winters and hot, dry summers. About other parts in Southern California, winters are colder, with frost and with chilly to cold morning temperatures common.
The composition of San Bernardino was 95,734 (45.6%) White, (19.0% Non-Hispanic White), 31,582 (15.0%) African American, 2,822 (1.3%) Native American, 8,454 (4.0%) Asian, 839 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 59,827 (28.5%) from other races, and 10,666 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 125,994 persons (60.0%).
The government, service industries, and retail are the primary stakeholders of the economy in San Bernardino. The top employers in the area include the California State University, Caltrans District 8, city’s government, hospitals, schools and many more industries.
California State University, San Bernardino is located in the northwestern part of the city. The university also hosts the Coussoulis Arena.
Other attractions in San Bernardino include ASU Fox Theatre, the McDonald’s Museum, which is located on the original site of the world’s first McDonald’s, California Theatre, the San Bernardino Mountains, and San Manuel Amphitheater, the largest outdoor amphitheater in the United States.
San Bernardino is home to the historic Arrowhead Springs Hotel and Spa. It is located in the Arrowhead Springs neighborhood. The area consists of 1,916 acres (7.75 km2) directly beneath the Arrowhead geological monument that presides over the San Bernardino Valley. The resort contains hot springs, in addition to mineral baths and steam caves located deep underground.
In addition, the city is home to the Inland Empire 66ers baseball team. They play their home games at San Manuel Stadium in downtown San Bernardino.
The area is accessible by roads, railways and the San Bernardino International Airport which is physically located within the city.
Did You Know?
In August 2012, San Bernardino became the largest city to choose to file for protection under Chapter 9 of the U.S. Bankruptcy code. However, this has since been superseded by Detroit’s filing in July 2013.